Hurricane Florence approaches the United States: Tips to prepare for a hurricane
The coming danger presented by Hurricane Florence and the damage caused by tropical storm Gordon serve as reminders that September is the most active month for these types of powerful storms.
With hurricanes approaching US lands from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. There are several steps that residents can take to protect themselves. The information comes from a variety of sources, including the American Red Cross, the National Hurricane Center, Ready.gov and weather.gov:
1. Prepare an emergency kit
this is the first recommendation of the Red Cross, which lists some of the main essentials such as water (one gallon per person per day for a minimum of three days), Non-perishable foods (also at least minus three days) ‘value’), medicines and medical supplies, flashlights, extra batteries, a first aid kit and a portable radio.
Personal documents, cell phones with chargers, a can opener and at least one change of clothes are also part of the list. These needs can be gathered well before a hurricane arrives.
Also make sure the car is in good condition and with a full tank of gasoline, charged cell phones and have the necessary medications.
Keep important documents in a safe and accessible place, with copies of the files loaded on a flash drive or in a password protected storage. Consider taking pictures with cell phones of key documents.
2. Secure all windows
Storm shutters provide the best protection, but a solid and less expensive alternative is to place cut plywood over the windows. Do not be fooled by the myth that taped windows will protect glass, as more than half of Americans believe, according to the Federal Alliance for Safe Houses. That may offer some peace of mind, but little else.
Also secure doors, especially garage doors, which tend to be the most vulnerable.
3. Do not leave loose furniture outside
patio furniture and other loose items can become projectiles with strong winds. They should be stored inside. If it is not safe to do so, as in the case of propane tanks, anchor them. Also, cut trees with branches that could damage the house, clean gutters, and downspouts and move cars out of flood-prone areas.
4. Have a plan
consider the evacuation route from your area and the location of local shelters. Create an emergency plan – counting any pet – and share it with the rest of the family. Everyone in the family should know what to do and how to contact if they are away from home in case of an emergency. Also, share the plan with a friend or relative outside the storm area.
Many shelters do not accept animals. So people with pets and livestock should consider evacuating them in advance to a safe area.
5. Be careful when using a portable generator
Although generators can keep the lights on and the refrigerator running during a power outage, they present some inherent risks.
you should never use Generators indoors. Even in a garage or basement. You should keep at least 30 feet away from the home to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning. It can be harmful. And it is not advisable to use a generator. If the house has been flooded, which increases the chances of electric shock.
In addition. The experts say that the safest and most efficient way to use a generator is to have a qualified electrician install a transfer switch to power the house. The feedback, the practice of connecting the generator directly to the electrical outlets of the house, is illegal and dangerous.
6. Know what to avoid
do not walk, drive or swim in flooded water if possible. It infected or hide dangerous waste or a downed power line. Also stay away from the beaches and riverbanks. If there is no energy, rely on flashlights instead of candles for lighting.
7. Follow the instructions
Evacuate immediately if the authorities request it, which may also ask you to turn off your energy and/or water. Keep a record of local news. Alert family and friends of your situation and whereabouts.